Music obviously helps to attain Yoga. Music has an undividable link with it.
The word Yoga has its origin in Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’, which means ‘to join’. Thus, it has a basic quality to bond with everything that is divine. So considering far-reaching divinity in Music, it is evident that Yoga also connects with it. All the religious doctrines also accepted music to be their core part.
Yoga has its branches as Mantra Yoga, Hatha Yoga, Laya Yoga and Raj Yoga.
In them, Mantra Yoga is a branch of Yoga based on groups of various types of words, with built-in powers. Hatha Yoga tries to purify body, through arousing of Kundalini (latent serpent power), Yogaasanaas, Mudras (various positions of fingers), Pranayaam and Nadanusandhaan (concentrating on sound). Laya Yoga helps the practitioner to attain God, in which a bindu (or a subtle point) is influential. The last Raj Yoga has set some fundamental principles to live life, some methods to make them strong and psycho-physical procedures to attain the last aim of Samadhi.
Yoga is also termed as Ashtang Yoga, as it has eight important parts in it, viz. Yama (refraining), Niyama (adherence), Aasana (physical positions), Pranayaam (controlled breathing), Pratyahaar (control over senses), Dharana (concentration), Dhyaan (meditation) and Samadhi (deep meditation). It has been explained in Yoga that strict and persistent observance of Ashtang Yoga renders various miraculous powers to the practitioner.
Now, here starts the connection of Yoga with music.
Yoga refers to the six plexus inside our body. In them ‘Vishuddha Chakra’ (with 16 petals) is linked with Swara (voice). This voice is the most important factor in music. As per the science of Yoga, this Swara is termed as Vak, which has four types as Vaikhari, Madhyama, Pashyanti and Para. In them, the first one Vaikhari produces human voice.
Music has three main aspects as creation, transmission and reception. Shabda (a word) plays a vital role in the process of hearing, which has its basic element as Aakaash (the sky). Further, this Shabda makes Naada (which means to produce sound). This Naada has two types as Aahata (struck) and Anaahata (un-struck). Though the first one can be heard very easily when we struck something, however the second is recognized only by a Yogi. Later Aahata makes Dhvanee (a rhythm or a tune), which is clearly heard in the musical instruments like Mridang. After Aahata and instrument-produced sounds, there is Varna, which splits into two parts, one for music and the other for language. In music, this Varna has four classifications as Sthayee, Aarohee, Avarohee and Sancharee. At last, there are Udaatta and Anudatta Swara.
Now, we can clearly understand that a musician needs Aahata sound to create music and only a Yogi recognizes Anaahata sound, because a common man has a physical limitation owing to his closed Sushumna Naadi.
This Naada is divided into seven notes or also remains only in the form of Omkaar. Both Hatha Yoga and Laya Yoga support practice of Naada. When the practitioner of Yoga reaches a certain advanced stage, he hears continuous sounds like that are produced from bell, with other physical experiences also.
There is a minor Upanishad called as Hansopanishad, which speaks about ten varieties of Naada as chini, chin chini, bell sound, conch blowing sound, tata instrument sound, dholak sound, flute sound, big drum sound, mridang sound and sound of clouds thundering. Likewise, Naada Bindu Upanishad states sounds like roaring sea, thunder of clouds, horn blowing and spring water ripples. Then the practitioner hears sounds of drum, bells and gongs. Eventually, he hears sounds of small bells, the flute, lute and the bee.
Science of Yoga also describes five sounds that are produced from human throat as full, not full, subtle, very subtle and artificial. Moreover navel, heart, throat, forehead and head produce Mandra (low), Madhya (middle) and Taara (high) sounds.
However, one may ask a question, ‘Though Aaahata Naada is like a basic requirement for music creation, yet how the relation of Yoga-related pranaayam is with music?’ Yes, it also has a relation with music. In the projection of voice, the singer needs control over breathing.
In a nut shell, music and musicians are directly related with the factors in Yoga like sound, time and performance, as every musician needs the utmost mental concentration for music creation.
Music For Meditation – Raga Keeravani – Indian bansuri – Flute – Indian Music