I was watching the sunset at the Juhu Beach that evening. The entire atmosphere had a hue of an unknown uneasiness. It compelled me to think about the ragas and the moods that are related with the particular time of a day. And what a coincidence, a veteran nearby was talking about Modes in Indian Classical Music or Thaats. He was explaining a young boy, probably his disciple, about Thaats. In the last article we were discussed on “differences and similarities between Hindustani Classical and Carnatic Classical music” Like this topic many people’s (Spatially from outside of India) having question What is Thaats? In this article I am going to explain Thaats! Hope you folks will find this article useful.
Thaat is an arrangement in the ascending order, wherein the maximum numbers of ragas are put together in a group, with the different sets of complete scale of seven notes (i.e. swara). They are also called as Mela. Thaats that we know today were created by Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande in the beginning of the twentieth century.
Most of the Hindustani ragas are grouped in total ten Thaats. Each of them is named after a well-known raga related with it.
Brief information about these Thaats is explained in the table below:
|Sr. No.||Thaat||Description||Related Ragas|
|1||Thaat Bilawal||It’s the most fundamental of all the ten Thaats and is related to the morning.||Deskar, Haunsdhwani, Variations of Bilawal|
|2||Thaat Khamaj||It is obtained by replacing the Shuddha Nishad of Bilawal by Komal Nishad. Its nature is romantic (Shringar Ras).||Rageshree, Jhinjhoti, Des, Tilak Kamod, Jaijaiwanti, Khambavati etc|
|3||Thaat Kafi||Kafi Thaat uses the Komal Gandhar and Komal Nishad. It’s a late evening raga and is associated with the spring.||Dhanashree, Dhani, Bhimpalasi, Pilu, Megh Malhar, Bageshree etc.|
|4||Thaat Asavari||Asavari Thaat is a blend of Komal Dhaivat and Kafi Thaat. It has the nature of renunciation and sacrifice as well as suffering. It is apt for late morning.||Asavari, Desi, Darbari, Adana, Jaunpuri etc.|
|5||Thaat Bhairavi||Bhairavi uses all the komal swars, Rishabh, Gandhar, Dhaivat, Nishad. Bhairavi Raga is named after the cosmic feminine power (i.e. Shakti or Maa Durga). It conveys the feeling of devotion and compassion. It is actually sung in the early morning, yet customarily its singing ends the program.||Malkauns, Bilaskhani Todi, Bhupali Todi, Kaunsi Kanada etc.|
|6||Thaat Bhairav||Bhairav Thaat uses Komal Rishabh and Komal Dhaivat. It has manly and austere feelings. Itf is exceptionally huge and so constitutes a large number of note combinations like Ahir Bhairav, Alam Bhairav, Anand Bhairav, Bairagi Bhairav, Beehad Bhairav, Bhavmat Bhairav, Devata Bhairav, Gauri Bhairav, Nat Bhairav, Shivmat Bhairav etc. It is typically sung in a devotional mood in the early morning.||Ramkali, Gunkari, Meghranjani, Jogiya, Bhairav and its variations etc.|
|7||Thaat Kalyan||This Thaat has a group of evening ragas. As this Thaat is considered as a blessing-seeking and soothing. it is sung at the beginning of a concert in the evening. Like Bhairav, this Thaat too is vast and so has many variations like Shuddha Kalyan, Shyam Kalyan, Yaman Kalyan, Anandi Kalyan, Khem Kalyan (Haunsdhwani + Yaman), Savani Kalyan etc.||Yaman, Bhupali, Hindol, Kedar, Kamod, etc.|
|8||Thaat Marwa||It’s a combination of komal Rishabh and Kalyan Thaat. This Thaat coveys the mood of the sunset and so has a feeling of nervousness.||Marwa, Puriya, Bhatiyaar, Bibhas, Sohoni etc.|
|9||Thaat Poorvi||This is the mixture of komal Dhaivat to Marwa Thaat. It is intensely sober and is sung at the sunset.||Puriya Dhanashree, Gauri, Shree, Paraj, Basant etc.|
|10||Thaat Todi||This is regarded as the king of all Thaats, as symbolizes pleased worship with a placid, warm outlook and is sung in the late morning.||Miyan Ki Todi, Gujari Todi, Madhuvanti, Multani etc.|
During this study I found a nice Diagram for Thaats and its singing Time:
These days, for an Indian Classical singers, Thaats have a lesser importance, yet as they lend a hand to know the sorting of Ragas, they prove to be very important for a student of music. Moreover, they don’t have application in other types of music.
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We will come with new exiting topics. In the mean time I would like to suggest you please read more informative articles below.
Singing 10 Thaats (Thats)